Strom Thurmond Collection Military Series
Mss.0100.04

Summary Information

Repository
Clemson University Libraries Special Collections
Creator
Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003
Title
Strom Thurmond Collection, Series 4: Military Series
ID
Mss.0100.04
Date [inclusive]
1940-1959
Extent
10.35 cubic feet
Language
English

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Biographical Note

Strom Thurmond began his military career when he was an R.O.T.C. cadet at Clemson College from 1919-1923. He enlisted in the Army on December 11, 1941. However, he did not actually enter the service until April 17, 1942. Thurmond performed various military duties in the United States until October 26, 1943, when he was assigned to the Civil Affairs Division (G-5 Section) of the headquarters, First Army which was formed on October 23, 1943. He worked in the European (England, France, Belgium, and Germany) and Pacific (Philippine Islands) theaters, and participated in the Normandy Invasion with the Eighty-Second Airborne Division. Strom Thurmond was awarded five battle stars, eighteen decorations, medals and awards, including the Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster, the Bronze Star with "V," the Purple Heart, and the French Croix de Guerre. He took official leave on October 19, 1945 to return to the South Carolina circuit court and was officially discharged on January 20, 1946, with the rank of lieutenant colonel. He then joined the U.S. Army Reserve Corps and also became involved with the Reserve Officers Association and the Military Government Association. Thurmond served as the national vice-president (July, 1953-June, 1954) and president (June, 1954-July, 1955) of the Reserve Officers Association and the president (December, 1957-c. December, 1958) of the Military Government Association. Strom Thurmond retired as a Major General of Army Reserves on January 1, 1963, after forty years of service in the armed forces.

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Scope and Content Note

The first subseries, Active Service (Subseries A, 1942-1945; 1.8 cu. ft.), contains the records concerning Thurmond's duties and responsibilities in the Civil Affairs Division during World War II. The division's mission was to occupy, govern, and to help restore devastated, war-torn countries and their economies, and usually arrived during large-scale combat operations. Thurmond studied and used this material in connection with his civil affairs / military government responsibilities. These materials cover numerous directives and rules dealing with civilians, displaced persons, welfare, finance, background information on Germany and France, etc. There are organizational charts of the Civil Affairs Division, some maps, some general army correspondence, and a folder of U.S. Naval Reserve correspondence. Also included is a report discussing the activities of the First Army Civil Affairs Division during the D-Day Invasion. Items of interest include Thurmond's original military service record, a copy of the victory order of May 9, 1945 by Dwight D. Eisenhower, and the manifest, dated June 3, 1944, which Thurmond used on his glider ride with the Eighty-Second Airborne on D-Day, June 6, 1944.

The second subseries, Reserve Service (Subseries B, 1946-1959; 4.275 cu. ft.), is divided into two sub-subseries: General File (1946-1959) and Correspondence (1943-1957). The General File contains civil affairs / military government training materials and manuals used by Thurmond when he taught basic and advanced officer courses. The material on the 352d and 360th Military Government Area Headquarters Units describes the duties and functions of these units. Also of interest is a civil affairs / military government textbook which discusses the first year of the occupation in Europe. The Correspondence sub-subseries contains material pertaining to the army, the military government, and the 360th Military Government Area Headquarters from 1946-1955.

The third subseries, Military Associations (Subseries C, 1948-1958; 4.275 cu. ft.), concerns Thurmond's involvement in the Reserve Officers Association and the Military Government Association. This subseries is divided into the Correspondence sub-subseries and the General File sub-subseries. A large part of the Correspondence sub-subseries covers the period of Thurmond's presidency of the South Carolina Department of the Reserve Officers Association to the end of his term as the organization's national president. The General File sub-subseries contains material that pertains to the Reserve Officers Association. These records include directories, minutes, convention data, memos, membership information, financial statements, and correspondence and statements by Strom Thurmond.

Important correspondents include Walter Brown, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Burnet R. Maybank, and Jean Thurmond. Related military correspondence can be found in the Subject Correspondence Series, 1954-1962.

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Arrangement

The material in this series is divided into three subseries: Active Service, Reserve Service, and Military Associations. The material in each subseries is arranged alphabetically by folder-title and then chronologically and / or by code number within each folder.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Clemson University Libraries Special Collections 2010 July 8

Processing Information

The conversion of this finding aid to Encoded Archival Description format was made possible with a grant from the South Carolina State Historical Records Advisory Board in 2009-2010. The finding aid was prepared for encoding by Virengia Houston.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Military Government Association.
  • Reserve Officers Association of the United States. South Carolina Dept..
  • Reserve Officers Association of the United States.
  • United States. Army. Civil Affairs Division, 1st.
  • United States. Army. Military Government Area Headquarters, 352nd.
  • United States. Army. Military Government Area Headquarters, 360th.
  • United States. Army. -- History

Geographic Name(s)

  • United States--Armed forces--Societies, etc.

Personal Name(s)

  • Brown, Walter J.
  • Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
  • Maybank, Burnet R., (Burnet Rhett), 1899-1954
  • Thurmond, Jean Crouch, 1926-1960

Subject(s)

  • Military education.
  • Military government.
  • World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--France--Normandy.
  • World War, 1939-1945--Occupied territories.
  • World War, 1939-1945--Refugees.

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Collection Inventory

Subseries A: Active Service 1942-1945 

Army 

Box

Training December, 1942-August, 1943 

1

Travel Orders and Assignments September, 1927-August 1933 April, 1942-October, 1945 

1
Box

Cascade: Civil Affairs Military Exercise December, 1943-March, 1944 

1

Civil Defense and Fire Prevention Course December, 1943 

1

Court Martials and Legal (not M.G.) 1940-December, 1942 1951-1952 

1

Deployment Instructions January, 1944-May, 1945 

1

Finance Course December, 1943 

1

First Army-Civil Affairs Division: Training, Exercises March, 1944-April, 1945 

1

France: Background Information December, 1943 

1

General Army Correspondence January, 1927-December,1945 

2

Germany: Background Information December, 1943-November, 1944 

2

G-5 Section--Functions and Operations circa1944-1945 

2

Inspections: Instructions July, 1944-August, 1945 

2

Military Government 

Legal School 

Box

 December 1943 February-March 1944 

2

 February-March 1944 

2

Miscellaneous 

Box

 February-December, 1944 

2

 January-September, 1945 

2

Military 

Notes and Outlines 

Box

 December, 1943 

3

 January-September, 1945 

3
Box

Police Course November, 1942-circa1942 

3
Box

Miscellaneous November, 1944-March, 1945 

3

Organization and Administration Course December, 1943 

3

Outline on Military Organization no date 

3

Plans: Annex to Operations Plan for MG-Operations Plan 

3

Eclipse--G-5 Annex September, 1944-August, 1945 

3

Police and Security Course December, 1943 

3

Proposed Tables of Organizations for G-5: Sections of Army Staffs 

Box

 September, 1944-September, 1945 

4

 circa 1945 

4
Box

Report of Civil Affairs Sections: D-Day and Occupation 1943-1944 

4

Reports--G-5 Section January-August, 1945 

4

School--Miscellaneous November-December, 1943 

4

Self-Defense Instruction Course July, 1943 

4

Service Record circa 1981 

4

Supply--Transportation Course December, 1943 

4

Training (Military not Military Police) April, 1942-August, 1943 

4

U.S. Naval Reserve Correspondence January-March, 1942 

4

Welfare--Road Transport Course December, 1943 

4

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Subseries B: Reserve Service Correspondence 1946-1959 

Correspondence 1946-1959 

General Army Correspondence 

Box

 February, 1946-February 9, 1955 

5

 February 10, 1955-September, 1959 

5

Military Government Correspondence 

Box

 May 29, 1952-December, 1953 

5

 January-October, 1954 

5

Military Government Area Headquarters 360th ORAAU Correspondence 

Box

 December, 1948 June, 1950-August, 1951 

5

 September, 1951-July, 1952 

6

 August, 1952-December, 1953 

6

 February, 1954-August, 1955 

6

General File 1943-1957 

Army 

Organized Reserve Corps (ORC) 

Box

 January 1927 April 1936 September 1943 May 1946-April 1951 

6

 August 1951-August 1954 

6
Box

Third Army Reserve Components Advisory Group January 1955-June 1956 

7

Travel Orders and Assignments February, 1948-December, 1955 

7

War College 

Box

(Materials, Correspondences, Lecture by Thurmond) May, 1951-April, 1955 

7

(Materials) August, 1955 

7
Box

Civil Affairs Handbook AFFRESSITA circa 1953 

7

Civil Affairs/Military Government Advanced Course 41-0-17 

Box

 Prepared November-December 1954 

7

 November-December, 1954 April 1956 

7

 November-December, 1954 January-February, 1956 

8

 November-December, 1954 January, 1955 

8

 November-December, 1954 January, 1955 

8

 November-December, 1954 January, 1956 

8

 circa 1955-January, 1956 

8
Box

Civil Affairs/Military Government Advanced Course 41-0-17: The Economics of Military Occupation, Civil Affairs / Military Government and Foreign Affairs, Rear Area Defense circa 1953-1954 

8

Civil Affairs/Military Government School: Basic Officer Course 41-0-7 

Box

 August 1953 July, 1953 November-December, 1953 

9

 July-November, 1955 

9

 September-October, 1955 

9

 August, 1954 July-October, 1955 

9

 October, 1955 January, 1956 

9

 September-October, 1955 December, 1955 

9

 October-December, 1955 January-February, 1956 

10

Civil Affairs/Military Government School 

Box

Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict circa 1956 

10

Textbooks 

Box

Military Government Operations (ST 41-10-1) February, 1953 

10

(ST 41-10-8;-62,-70; ST 41-20-69) 1947 and 1953 

10

(ST 41-10-63) The First Year of the Occupation (Europe) June 

10

(ST 41-26-59) United States Military Government in Germany: Financial Policies and Operations March, 1950 

10

(ST 41-50-60; 41-51-55) 1947-1948 July, 1953 

11

(ST 41-150) Military Government with Combat Troops April, 1955 

11

Training Packets 

Box

(M G) #1,3,4,6,7 by Military Police School December, 1949 April, 1950 

11

(M G) #2,3,4,5 by Provost Marshal Generals School April, 1950 

11

(M G) #7,8,9 by Provost Marshal Generals School April, 1950 April, 1951 

11

(M G) #11,50 by Provost Marshal Generals School 1947 

11

(M G) #51,52,53 by Provost Marshal Generals School 1947 June, 1950 

11

(M G) #54,56,57,58 by Provost Marshal Generals School 1950 February 1951 

12
Box

Textbooks: Other Manuals June, 1949-March, 1954 

12

Survey of Civil Affairs/Military Government Educational System 

Box

 June 1951 

12

 June 1956 

12

 June 1956 

12

Civil Affairs/Military Government 

Box

Training Memorandum and Training Schedule June, 1948-August, 1949 

12

Training August, 1950-December, 1953 

12

Training 1954-May, 1956 

12
Box

Far East Trip (with Assistant Secretary of Defense Carl Burgess) October, 1956 

13

Maps: St. Michiel-Wiesbaden (and Four Overlay Maps) 1948 

13

Military Government Area Headquarters 

Box

Units: Proposed Tables of Organization August, 1953 

13

352nd (Georgetown University) March, 1954-March, 1957 

13

360th ORAAU August, 1952 

13

360th ARAAU June, 1953-August, 1954 

13

Military Government 

Box

Miscellaneous December, 1948-June, 1955 

13

Reference Material From Military Government School (Using Mythical Nations AGGRESSOR and AGGRESSITA for Training Purposes) 

Box

 circa 1953 

13

 circa 1953 

14

 circa 1953 

14
Box

Report of the Advisory Committee on Army Organization December, 1953-March, 1954 

14

Report-Comments and Recommendations on Civil Affairs/Military Government Organization and Operations (by Colonel Strom Thurmond) December, 1953 

14

Report of Maneuver Director, Logex 56 April-May, 1956 

14

Reserve Training December, 1949-December, 1954 

14

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Subseries C: Military Associations 1945-1958 

Correspondence 1948-1958 

Military Government Association Correspondence 

Box

 June, 1948-December, 1957 

14

 January-April, 1958 

14

 May-July, 1958 

15

 August-September, 1958 

15

 October-November, 1958 

15

Reserve Officers Association Correspondence Before President of South Carolina Department of ROA 

Box

 September, 1931 November, 1945-September, 1951 

15

 January-May, 1952 

15

ROA Correspondence 

President, United States Department 

Box

 May-July, 1952 

15

 August, 1952 

15

 September, 1952 

16

 October, 1952 

16

 November, 1952 

16

 December 1-19, 1952 

16

 December 20, 1952-January, 1953 

16

 February, 1953 

16

 March, 1953 

17

 April, 1953 

17

 May-June, 1953 

17

National Vice-President 

Box

 June 30-July, 1953 

17

 August 1-14, 1953 

17

 August 15-31, 1953 

17

 September, 1953 

18

 October, 1953 

18

 November 1-20, 1953 

18

 November 20-30, 1953 

18

 December, 1953 

18

 January-February, 1954 

18

 March, 1954 

19

 April 1-26, 1954 

19

 April 27-May 17, 1954 

19

 May 18-June 17, 1954 

19

National President 

Box

 June 2-24, 1954 

19

 June 25-30, 1954 

20

 July 1-12, 1954 

20

 July 13-31, 1954 

20

 August 1-14, 1954 

20

 August 16-31, 1954 

20

 September, 1954 

21

 October, 1954 

21

 November, 1954 

21

 December, 1954 

21

 January-February, 1955 

21

 March-April 7, 1955 

21

 April 8-29, 1955 

22

 May-July, 1955 July, 1956 

22

Letters by Colonel Boyer (Copies) 

Box

 June-December, 1954 

22

 January-August, 1955 

22

ROA 

Box

Convention-Boston 1955 April-June, 1955 

22

Directories June, 1953-June, 1955 

22

Minutes 

Box

 October, 1953-February, 1954 

22

 March-November, 1954 

23

Records 

Box

Coast Guard and Navy Material and Other Material circa 1952-January, 1955 

23

Convention Brochures and Other Literature May, 1952-June, 1954 June, 1956 

23

Financial Statements 1953-1955 

23

Letters and Statements of Strom Thurmond July, 1952-January, 1955 

23

Memos, Other Information 

Box

 August 1952-December 1954 

23

 January-June 1955 

23
Box

President, South Carolina Department January, 1952-May, 1953 

23

Report of National President June, 1954-June, 1955 

23

Rosters, Membership Figures 1953-1955 

23

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Maps, Plans and Charts 

Map of France with its provinces (?) circa 1940's 

Military plan for Exercise CASCADE, sixth course, attached to CA/200/1 1943 

Map of Eastern and Western Europe concerning a certain situation which accompanies Subject 6400/3, Command and General Staff College, issued in boxes with Section I, 946)3-0764 1943 

Chart consisting of the Regional Administration of "Greater Germany," 1943 

Two maps showing the occupation zones in Germany with Military Government Subdivisions (Map A shows the whole country while Map B shows only the northern part) 1944 

Two functional charts of G-5 Section of the First U.S. Army which were drawn by Operations G-5 First U.S. Army 1944 

Table of allotment of Civil Affairs Section, Headquarters First United States Army 1945 

Table of organization of the G-5 Staff Section of the Army 1945 

Two charts of proposed G-5 organization for planning purposes, approved by C of S, First Army, to be requested of the Theater Commander (Chart A is organizational while Chart B is operational) 1945 

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