Strom Thurmond Collection State Senate Series
Mss.0100.07

Summary Information

Repository
Clemson University Libraries Special Collections
Creator
Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003
Title
Strom Thurmond Collection, Series 7: State Senate Series
ID
Mss.0100.07
Date [inclusive]
Extent
1.675 cubic feet plus 1 volume
Language
English

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Historical Sketch

In 1932 Thurmond was elected to the South Carolina State Assembly as Senator from Edgefield County, defeating B.R. Tillman; Representative M. Hansford Mims was the other member of the county delegation. After completing his first term in 1936, he was re-elected to a second four year term. Thurmond officially resigned from the Senate on January 18, 1938 to become circuit judge of the Eleventh District; W. P. Yonce was elected to replace him.

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Scope and Content Note

The records are divided into two subseries: the Correspondence series and the Bills, Audits, Reports and Miscellaneous series. The Correspondence subseries (Subseries A; 1.625 cu. ft.) is arranged alphabetically within each year and chronologically within each letter of the alphabet. Consisting of correspondence, resolutions, petitions, announcements of meetings and invitations, the files reflect Thurmond's concentration on matters relating to state finances and taxation, education, highways and roads, agriculture and rural electrification. Much of the correspondence is from constituents concerning legislation, especially bills that Thurmond worked to pass, such as those dealing with a loyalty oath for teachers, compulsory school attendance, and truck, poultry and optometry standards. The correspondence also shows Thurmond's involvement in the Clark's Hill and Santee-Cooper projects; Thurmond was appointed to a committee to study the latter in 1933.

Edgefield County issues were also important, and the records show Thurmond and Mims directing or authorizing county record audits, highway construction and health and welfare agency development. The county's economic situation is detailed in Thurmond's work with New Deal agencies such as the Works Progress Administration, Public Works Administration, Emergency Conservation Work, Civil Works Administration, Civilian Conservation Corps, National Recovery Administration, Reconstruction Finance Corporation and the Emergency Relief Administration, and in his attempts to place tubercular, feeble-minded, or orphaned county residents in the appropriate state homes, such as the State Hospital, State Training School or the John de la Howe School.

Other topics of interest include liquor laws, interstate cooperation, social security ("old age pensions"), Winthrop and Clemson Colleges' building programs and trustee elections, the Senator H. Kemper Cooke scandal of 1934-1935, and appointments to judgeships and various state government positions.

Among the organizations and state agencies represented in the files are the State Highway Department (Chief Commissioner Ben M. Sawyer), State Rural Electrification Administration (Director J.T. Duckett), South Carolina Public Service Commission, Farmers' and Taxpayers' League (Presidents J.K. Breedin and Niels Christensen), Women's Council for the Common Good (President Jessie H. [Mrs. C. Fred] Laurence) and the South Carolina State Grange (Master D. B. Anderson).

Correspondents include U.S. Senators James F. Byrnes and E. D. Smith, and former Senator Cole Blease; U.S. Representatives Hampton P. Fulmer and John C. Taylor; Governors Ibra Charles Blackwood and Olin D. Johnston; State Senators Edgar A. Brown, James H. Hammond, Lanneau D. Lide, Henry R. Sims and John F. Williams; State Representatives Neville Bennett, Soloman Blatt, Arthur Lee Gaston and D.A.G. Ouzts; Chief Justice of the State Supreme Court Eugene Blease; Judge G. D. Billinger; State Railway Commissioner Sam Blease; Supervisor of Adult Schools of the State Department of Education Wil Lou Gray; State Forester H.A. Smith; James Pinckney Kinard and Shelton Phelps, Presidents of Winthrop College; J.C. Littlejohn, Business Manager and E.W. Sikes, President, Clemson College; lawyers Calhoun Mays, John McMahon and George Bell Timmerman; and businessmen W.W. Miller (Bank of Trenton) and James C. Self (Greenwood Cotton Mill).

The Bills, Audits, Reports and Miscellaneous subseries (Subseries B; .45 cu. ft., 1 volume) is arranged alphabetically by folder title and then chronologically within each folder. This subseries includes a number of bill files, which contain lists of bill sponsored and cosponsored by Thurmond and copies of those bills. Some of these lists have notations concerning the final action taken on the bills.

Also included in this subseries are audits for Edgefield County, 1935-1937; Thurmond's notes on his legislative activities, 1932-1934; a list of his accomplishments for Edgefield County, 1933-1937; and the 1934 application (1 volume: 44 pages, plus 248 pages of appendixes and an 8 page index) by the South Carolina Public Service Authority for a loan from the Federal Emergency Administration to build the Santee-Cooper Power and Navigation Project.

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Administrative Information

Publication Information

Clemson University Libraries Special Collections 2010 July 5

Restrictions on Use

Unrestricted

Processing Information note

The conversion of this finding aid to Encoded Archival Description format was made possible with a grant from the South Carolina State Historical Records Advisory Board in 2009-2010. The finding aid was prepared for encoding by Virengia Houston.

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Controlled Access Headings

Corporate Name(s)

  • Clark Hill Authority. (S.C.)
  • Clemson University.
  • Farmers' and Taxpayers' League.
  • Santee-Cooper Hydroelectric and Navigation Project.
  • South Carolina Rural Electrification Authority.
  • South Carolina State Grange.
  • South Carolina. Dept. of Highways and Public Transportation.
  • South Carolina. Public Service Commission.
  • Winthrop College.
  • Women's Council for the Common Good.

Geographic Name(s)

  • Edgefield County (S.C.)
  • United States--History--1933-1945.
  • United States--Social conditions--1933-1945.

Personal Name(s)

  • Bennett, Nevelle
  • Blackwood, Ibra C., (Ibra Charles), 1878-1936
  • Blatt, Solomon, 1896-1986
  • Blease, Coleman Livingston, 1868-1942
  • Brown, Edgar A. (Edgar Allan), 1888-1975
  • Byrnes, James F. (James Francis), 1882-1972
  • Cooke, Henry Kempber, b. 1866
  • Fulmer, Hampton, 1875-1945
  • Gray, Wil Lou, 1883-1984
  • Hammond, James H., (James Henry), 1885-1970
  • Johnston, Olin D., (Olin Dewitt), 1896-1965
  • Kinard, James Pinckney, 1864-1951
  • Lide, Lanneau Du Rant, 1876-1953
  • Littlejohn, James C. (James Corcoran), 1888-1959
  • Mays, Calhoun, 1884-1967
  • McMahan, John J.
  • Miller, W. W.
  • Phelps, Shelton, 1844-1948
  • Self, James Cuthbert, 1876-1955
  • Sikes, Enoch Walter, 1868-1941
  • Sims, Henry Radcliffe
  • Smith, Ellison DuRant, 1866-1944
  • Smith, H. A.
  • Taylor, John C., 1890-1983
  • Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003 -- Buildings
  • Thurmond, Strom, 1902-2003 -- Political and social views
  • Timmerman, George Bell, 1912-1994
  • Williams, John F.

Subject(s)

  • Agriculture--South Carolina.
  • Alcohol--Law and legislation--South Carolina.
  • Education--South Carolina.
  • Finance, Public--South Carolina.
  • Health--South Carolina--Edgefield County.
  • Interstate agreements.
  • Loyalty oaths--South Carolina.
  • New Deal, 1933-1939--South Carolina.
  • Public welfare--South Carolina--Edgefield County.
  • Roads--South Carolina--Edgefield County.
  • Roads--South Carolina.
  • Rural electrification--South Carolina.
  • Social security.
  • Taxation--South Carolina.

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Collection Inventory

Subseries A: Correspondence 1932-1939 

Box

A-K August 31-December 30, 1932 

1

L-Z August 31-December 31, 1932 

1

A-G January 4-December 23, 1933 

1

H-P January 2, 1933-December 20, 1933 

1

Q-Z January 2-December 26, 1933 

1

A-G January 1-December 28, 1934 

1

H-R January 1-December 28, 1934 

2

S-Z January 12-December 22, 1934 

2

A-E January 1-December 30, 1935 

2

F-M January 1-December 30, 1935 

2

N-Z January 2-December 27, 1935 

2

A-G January 3-December 31, 1936 

2

H-R January 1-December 29, 1936 

3

S-Z January 6-December 31, 1936 

3

A-C January 5-December 27, 1937 

3

D-I January 4-December 29, 1937 

3

J-Q January 2-December 28, 1937 

3

R-Z January 2-December 28, 1937 

4

A-Z January 4-March 10, 1938 

4

A-Z January 29, 1938 

4

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Subseries B: Bills, Audits, Reports and Miscellaneous 1932-1937 

Box

Audits of Edgefield County 1935-1937 

5

Bills, Sponsored and Cosponsored 

Box

 January-April 1933 

5

 January-March 1934 

5

 January-May 1935 

5

 January-May 1936 

5

 January-May 1937 

5
Box

[Edgefield County Matters] 1932-1937 

5

Personal Notes October 17, 1932-July 10, 1934 

5

Report on 

Box

[Revising Tax on Motion Picture Theaters] February 8, 1934 

5

South Carolina High School and Junior College Curriculum 1934-1935 

5
Box

Santee-Cooper Project Application Resolution c. 1934 

5

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Volume

Santee-Cooper Project of the South Carolina Public Service Authority (1934) 

1

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